The Dismal Science and the Change to Come

By Claude Lorrain — 1. ibiblio.org2. Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=539665

This may come as a surprise to you. But over two hundred and fifty years ago there was no such animal as economics. Books that spoke about what evolved into modern-day economics had zero math in them. Homo Economicus, the selfish being that is all for himself, and cares none for the commons had yet to emerge. Morality and politics were part of it, as well as the effects on everyday life.